Mathematics Department - Mathematical Physics Seminar - Spring 2017

Mathematical Physics Seminar - Spring 2017


Joel Lebowitz, Michael Kiessling



Upcoming Talks

Thursday, January 26th

Anna Vershynina, BCAM-Basque Center for Applied Mathematics, Spain

"Quantum analogues of geometric inequalities for Information Theory"

Time: 12:00 PM
Location: Hill 705
Abstract: Geometric inequalities, such as entropy power inequality or the isoperimetric inequality, relate geometric quantities, such as volumes and surface areas. Classically, these inequalities have useful applications for obtaining bounds on channel capacities, and deriving log-Sobolev inequalities. In my talk I provide quantum analogues of certain well-known inequalities from classical Information Theory, with the most notable being the isoperimetric inequality for entropies. The latter inequality is useful for the study of convergence of certain semigroups to fixed points. In the talk demonstrate how to apply the isoperimetric inequality for entropies to show exponentially fast convergence of quantum Ornstein-Uhlenbeck (qOU) semigroup to a fixed point of the process. The inequality representing the fast convergence can be viewed as a quantum analogue of a classical Log-Sobolev inequality.

Thursday, February 2nd

Jozsef Beck, Rutgers University

"Dynamical systems: polygon billiards and the geodesic flow on the cube surface"

Time: 12:00 PM
Location: Hill 705
Abstract: One of the simplest dynamical systems is the square billiard, which has a complete theory now. If we change the square to a (say) rhombus, we know much, much less, including even the case of the simplest 60-120 degree rhombus. Similarly, the cube surface consists of 6 squares, but again we know much, much less about the geodesic flow on the cube surface. One good reason is the appearance of singularities, or ``chaos" (=highly sensitive dependence on the intial condition), which is missing in the square billiard.

Wth my Ph.D. student Michael Donders recently we made some progress in these long-standing open problems. In my lecture I will report on these new results.

Thursday, February 9th

Amit Einav, University of Vienna

"The Almost Cercignani’s Conjecture"

Time: 12:00 PM
Location: Hill 705
Abstract: The validity, and invalidity, of Cercignani’s Conjecture in Kac’s many particle model, is a prominent problem in the field of Kinetic Theory. In its heart, it is an attempt to find a functional inequality, which is independent of the number of particles in the model, that will demonstrate an exponential rate of convergence to equilibrium. Surprisingly enough, this simple conjecture and its underlying functional inequalities contain much of the geometry of the process, and any significant advances in its resolution involves intradisciplinary approach.

In this talk I will present recent work with Eric Carlen and Maria Carvahlo, where we have defined new notions of chaoticity on the sphere and managed to give conditions under which an ‘almost’ conjecture is valid. With that in hand, I will show how Kac’s original hope to conclude a rate of decay for his model's limit equation from the model itself, is achieved.

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