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Nonlinear Analysis

Microscopic description of Coulomb-type systems

Sylvia Serfaty, Courant Institute

Location:  HILL 705
Date & time: Tuesday, 24 October 2017 at 1:40PM - 2:40PM

Abstract:   Systems of points with Coulomb, logarithmic (or more generally inverse powers of the distance) interactions arise in various settings: an instance is the classical Coulomb gas which in some cases happens to be a random matrix ensemble, another is vortices in the Ginzburg-Landau model of superconductivity, where one observes in certain regimes the emergence of densely packed point vortices forming perfect triangular lattice patterns named Abrikosov lattices, a third is the study of Fekete points which arise in approximation theory. After reviewing the motivations, we will take a point of view based on the detailed expansion of the interaction energy to describe the microscopic behavior of the systems and its statistical mechanics. In particular a Central Limit Theorem for fluctuations and a Large Deviations Principle for the microscopic point processes are given. This allows to observe the effect of the temperature as it gets very large or very small, and to connect with crystallization questions.

The main results are joint with Thomas Leblé and also based on previous works with Etienne Sandier, Nicolas Rougerie and Mircea Petrache.

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Department of Mathematics

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Rutgers University
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